All Facts About The Surgery For Your Baldness
Medical science has evolved and still evolving to offer cure to almost every problem in the human body and mind. Though there are drugs for every complication, some of them do cause unwanted side effects that are disturbing. One of the main aspects that are very disturbing and hard to be accepted is hair loss. Other than drugs, there could be various other reasons for men and women to loose hair regardless of their ages.
Pattern baldness among men is very common after certain age while women might hair loss issue due to hormones, usage of chemicals and other beauty tools that damage their hair at a very young age. Though todays medical science has emerged with various drugs and methods such as surgery for your baldness, some people prefer natural ways of cure for the same.
Fact About Baldness
Hair loss is often considered as a sign of poor blood circulation to the scalp, dandruff, vitamin deficiency, or even wearing hats regularly. This is not always true. It could also be hormonal changes in your body that is causing the hair fall or it could be the side effect of the drugs you are taking for some ailment in your body.
There are several solutions for baldness. Eating healthy food, applying natural herbal oils, use of cotton fibers as an instant solution, etc. If you have come to a stage where none of the methods are working, the final solution that exists for you to have a filled hair is to opt for a surgery for your baldness, which involves hair transplant techniques.
Hair transplantation is a surgical method, which involves removing hair follicles from one part of the head or body to another part of the body to the bald patch, which has to be filled. The part from which the hair is removed is called the donor site and the bald part is called the recipient site. This method has been very successful in treating the male pattern baldness. Here, the donor site is normally a site that genetically resists balding. This surgical method is also used to fill beard hair, eyebrows, chest hair, or even pubic hair in case there is a bald patch created due to scarring.
Various Techniques of Transplantation for Baldness
Transplantation techniques are of many and the common procedures for people who are satisfied with just a moderate change in the hair fullness are; mini grafts, slit grafts, micro grafts, strip grafts, and punch grafts. Whereas, people who wish to have a dramatic change normally opt for scalp reduction and tissue expansion surgeries and flap surgeries for filling their baldness.
Procedure of Transplantation Surgery
Naturally, human hair grows in follicles that group 1 to 4 hairs. Current technology has evolved to improve the surgical methods of transplanting these natural groupings of follicular units without disturbing, so that you would have a very natural look. This type of transplant surgery for baldness is called the FUT Follicular Unit Transplant.
Now, the donor hair is harvested in two ways that are very different;
Follicular Unit Extraction Harvesting, which involves in removal of individual follicles under local anesthesia. Tiny punches measuring 0.6mm to 1.25mm in diameter are made for this micro removal. These are then reinserted into the scalp of the bald patch by the use of a micro blade. These cause very minute dot-like scars thereby reducing post-surgical pain. There is no suture involved in this procedure and the recovery is normally within 7 days.
Strip Harvesting involves procedure done under local anesthesia, where a strip of scalp is removed and cut into tiny tissues known as grafts and are transplanted into the bald patch of the head. The wound in the donor site is sutured to heal. However, there is a linear scar that is left behind and takes around 2 weeks to recover. Later the sutures are removed by the surgeon or a physician.
Nevertheless, the FUE procedure is considered to be the best due to its neglible pain and recovery time. This procedure does not require any hospitalization or rest. The sedation lasts for around six hours. The other steps prior to the surgery are the cleaning of the donor and recipient sites with shampoos and anti bacterial agent. Also, to reduce the scars in the strip harvesting process, the latest method used to close the wound is called Trichophytic closure. This reduces the scarring to a greater extent and brings down the recovery time considerably.
After Care of Surgery for Your Baldness
Though these surgeries are very small compared to various other surgeries, there are certain post-operative steps involved in this too for a complete cure. It is very important that you shield your head from the sun and you must start shampooing after two days of the surgery to prevent scabs around the hair shaft. The scabs, when left behind, stick to the hairs in the recipient area and cause them to fall. Normally, it takes two to three months for hair to grow back in the donor site.
However, irrespective of the technique used, what is important is to avoid cutting across or transection. Hair follicles normally grow in a slight angle to the surface of the skin. Hence the technique used must remove the tissue with the related angle and avoid perpendicular removal.
What are the Side Effects of the Surgery For Baldness?
Normally, for the first two weeks, there would be some hair loss from the recipient area, which is called shock loss. You may quit your worries, as this is only temporary.
There could be other side effects such as; swelling in the forehead or scalp, which could at times is uncomfortable. You may opt for assisted medication for this issue. There could be itching, which must be handled very carefully, as scratching the area might leave scabs. A use of a moisturizer might help.
At times, for some people, there could be increased baldness after several years of the surgery. But these would be normally in places where the hair was not transplanted. The solution for this again could be another transplant procedure.
Though the surgery for your baldness is quite expensive and cost anywhere between $2,000 and $10,000 based on various aspects, there are various options offered by the transplant clinics. Financing with low monthly payments and other offers. However, this could be the beast value for your money since this is a life-time solution in most of the cases!